Learning German


#42

Alright then I will do it on Sunday- what do you think about me doing the persons and the verbs to be and to have?


#43

Do however you want, you run the thread as well lol


#44

The pronunciation and spelling is a biiiit tricky… especially of long words… :see_no_evil: :muscle: :muscle:


#45

That thread reminds me of my dad when I was 5 he’s teaching me German Christmas carols :laughing:


#46

@theearlywalker’s blamage:

blamage


#47

:stuck_out_tongue: - nice share: netter Beitrag


#48

Alright guys- here we go with our first german grammar lesson. Since every sentence has a predicate — i.e., verb, we gonna look at the three most important ones today. The predicate determines the structure of each sentence, any insights into the function and usage of verbs can help much to the understanding of the language.

The top 3 german verbs are not only words with common meanings on their own- but they also serve as auxiliary verbs in German.

  1. sein (to be)

  2. haben (to have)
    (These two are both used as auxiliary verbs in forming the perfect tenses- but this comes later in our lessons)

  3. werden (to become)
    ( is used as an auxiliary in forming the future tenses and the passive voice- but this will come later.)

A) the personal pronouns in german:

  1. I : ich ( 1. pers. singular )
  2. you : du ( 2. pers singular )
  3. he : er ( 3. pers singular male)
  4. she : sie ( 3. pers singular female)
  5. it : es ( 3. pers singular neutral )
  6. we : wir ( 1. pers. plural )
  7. you : ihr ( 2. pers. plural )
  8. they : sie ( 3. pers. plural )

The personal pronouns are all written without capital letter at their beginning. Only if a sentence starts with them or if they are used as salutation - then they start with capital letter. The third person singular is always the same for all three sexes)

B) Declination
sein
Singular
Ich bin
Du bist
Er/sie/es ist
Plural
Wir sind
Ihr seid
Wir sind

haben
Singular
Ich habe
Du hast
Er/sie/es hat
Plural
Wir haben
Ihr habt
Wir haben

werden
Singular
Ich werde
Du wirst
Er/sie/es wird
Plural
Wir werden
Ihr werdet
Wir werden

Simple past tense
sein
Singular
Ich war
Du warst
Er/sie/es war
Plural
Wir waren
Ihr ward
Wir waren

haben
Singular
Ich hatte
Du hattest
Er/sie/es hatte
Plural
Wir hatten
Ihr hattet
Wir hatten

werden
Singular
Ich wurde
Du wurdest
Er/sie/es wurde
Plural
Wir wurden
Ihr wurdet
Wir wurden