Learning Spanish


#502

After this fun session with no classes, we retake the class now.

For this part we will use the personal pronouns.

A few notes before the class:

  • The order of the personal pronouns is:

First singular person
Second singular person
Third singular person
First plural person
Second plural person
Third plural person

Yo
Tú/vos/usted*
Él o ella.
Nosotros o nosotras.
Ustedes o vosotros**
Ellos o ellas.

*Remember this: we are using you as tú in Spanish.
** @ashesoftime is right the place of “vosotros” there?

  • Verbs are actions that ends in -ar, -er and -ir.

  • We use the tilde in some verbs in past and almost all in the future.

  • We use model verbs to know when they are regular and when the aren’t. (We see this later.)

***I will upload a chart tomorrow or on Wednesday. I’m in the cellphone now.

Let’s start!
The first verb we’re see today is:
Amar (to love)

Personal pronoun past
Yo amé
Tú amaste
Él amó. Ella amó.
Nosotros amamos. Nosotras amamos.
Ustedes amaron.
Ellos amaron. Ellas amaron.

Present
Yo amo
Tú amas
Él ama. Ella ama
Nosotros amamos. Nosotras amamos.
Ustedes aman
Ellos aman. Ellas aman.

Future
Yo amaré
Tú amarás
Él amará. Ella amará.
Nosotros amaremos
Ustedes amarán
Ellos o ellas amarán

Notes:

  • Is very common see/hear some people say: amastes. With a S at the end. That’s a grammatical mistake. The right form is without the S, but if you read/hear it somewhere don’t get mad (like me jaja) it is still understandable.

  • In the case of “amamos” this word is used in past and present, so:
    “We loved” and “we love” are translated as the same in Spanish: nosotros (o nosotras) amamos.

  • In almost all the cases, the personal pronouns ustedes y ellos (o ellas) use the same word.

For Spanish, the personal pronouns él and ella are the same (just chance the grammatical gender)

For now just this (it’s midnight here) study it, analysis it and ask me about any doubt you might have.

Later we’ll see other verbs and how to conjugate them.


#503

I love :heart_eyes: that love is our first verb :heavy_heart_exclamation:


#504

Is correct @IronSoldier16 :grinning::grinning::grinning:


#505

I’m super late…you can see why…my tank is kind of slow…


#506

My knight! :heart_eyes: :crossed_swords: prepare yourself @IronSoldier16 ! :smirk: :rofl:


#507

I’m ready to fight! … Wait! Where are everyone? Oh :’( I’m late again jaja I forgot to reply :sweat_smile: sorry.


#508

The next two verbs are:

Temer (to fear) and vivir (to live)

Past
Yo temí.
Tú temiste.
Él temió. Ella temió.
Nosotros temimos. Nosotras temimos.
Ustedes temieron.
Ellos temieron. Ellas temieron.

Present
Yo temo.
Tú temes.
Él teme. Ella teme.
Nosotros tememos. Nosotras tememos.
Ustedes temen.
Ellos temen. Ellas temen.

Future
Yo temeré.
Tú temerás.
Él temerá. Ella temerá.
Nosotros temeremos. Nosotras temeremos.
Ustedes temerán.
Ellos temerán.

Vivir
Past
Yo viví.
Tú viviste.
Él vivió. Ella vivió.
Nosotros vivimos. Nosotras vivimos.
Ustedes vivieron.
Ellos vivieron. Ellas vivieron.

Present
Yo vivo
Tú vives
Él vive. Ella vive
Nosotros vivimos. Nosotras vivimos.
Ustedes viven.
Ellos viven. Ellas viven

Future
Yo viviré.
Tú vivirás.
Él vivirá. Ella vivirá.
Nosotros viviremos. Nosotras viviremos.
Ustedes vivirán.
Ellos vivirán. Ellas vivirán.

In case you didn’t get how to conjugate the verbs, please, let me know or ask @framos1792 and @ashesoftime.

The exercise is conjugate the next verbs:
Odiar (to hate)
Comer (to eat)
Conducir (to drive)


#509

My exercise:


#510

Done.

A few mistakes.

Site note:
In the night (8:00 hours or so) I’ll leave an explanation about the conjugation. And… I’ll make a little stop to explain another point (morfemas y lexemas [morphemes and lexemes] or raíz y desinencia [root and ending]) this will us to understand some variations in the verbs.


#511

Oh idiot me! I gave you a wrong verb!

Chance the verb to drive (conducir) for find out (descubrir)

We are working with regular verbs, no with irregular verbs. I’m sorry! :’(


#512

Oh no! It’s alright! Our teachers don’t mind that :smile: and that reminds me of my pet :turtle:,:blush:

@lpaniist you are so nice student! :smiley:


#513

The charts I promised the last time and the answers to the exercise are here:


#514

The first 3 verbs are models to knnw if a verb is regular or irregular.

As you could see odiar (to hate), comer (to eat) and descubrir (to find out) are regular verbs because the end of each word matches with the model verb.

This is just a mention
The verbal mode in Spanish are very varied, this is an example of all the times we can conjugate a verb. We are going to take the verbs to love (amar) and to fear (temer) as examples

Indicative
We use it to express concrete and real actions. We use 10 verbal modes.


Don’t get scared we’re just working with “pretérito perfecto simple”, “presente” and “future” :slight_smile:

Explanations:

  • Pretérito Imperfecto:
    The termination -aba is used with verbs ending in -ar
    For those ending in -er and -ir is -ía.

  • Pretérito Anterior:
    Use of “haber” (to have) in “Pretérito perfecto simple” (past) and the verb (to love in this case) in participle.

  • Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto:
    It’s the equivalent to the past perfect.

  • Pretérito Compuesto Perfecto:
    It’s the equivalent to the present perfect.

  • Futuro Perfecto:
    It’s the equivalent to the future perfect.

  • Condicional
    It express posibility. It uses the termination “-ría”. It’s equivalent is would.

  • Condicional Compuesto
    It’s the equivalent of “would + have/has + verb in participle”

NOTE: I confused (again XD). In the “condicional” and “condicional perfecto” for “ustedes” is “amarían” and “habrían” respectively.

Subjuntive

  • We use it to express the action as a wish or request, or as a possibility.
  • It use the word que (what) + personal pronoun + (aux. have) + verb.
  • It has 6 times, but 2 of them have a variation, that’s because there are 8 times.

Imperative

  • We use it to express orders.
  • It’s impossible to give orders to myself, for the same the personal pronoun “yo” is emptied.
  • There is just 2 way to use this time.

Non-personal forms of the verbs

  • Infinitvo (infinitive)
    When the verb ends in -ar, -er or -ir. It just says the action itself

  • Gerundio (gerund)
    It’s the termination -ando, -iendo.
    Its equivalent is -ing.

  • Participio (participle)
    It’s the termination -ado, -ido.

CLARIFY NOTE:
This is just a simple way to see the verbal modes, there some things that I don’t manage so I can be wrong in some of them. Don’t take these explanations as 100% true.


#515

I like the “imperative” so much! :rofl: jk jk :joy:
Thanks for the explanation… I’ll add to my notes… :muscle:


#516

That’s good and all I needed to hear, in the next test will come the conjugation of a verb in all the times :smiley: Thanks for give strenght to do it :smile: :blush:


#517

Not soon with the test!have to study first! :scream: :exploding_head:
Thanks to you for giving these lessons to us! :blush: :muscle: :sun_with_face: :hugs:


#518

Verb to fear (temer)


#519

Maybe on June I do another one.

You’re welcome. I hope these lessons aren’t so complicated. :slight_smile:


#520

Yeesss! :blush:

Personally I have fun following your lessons…they’re not the “classic” boring ones and it’s cool to learn a language like this… :blush: if you follow every lesson it’s not so complicated… :wink: :muscle: :sun_with_face:


#521

I was eating…

Thanks for your words :slight_smile:

Thanks!!! As I said before, I don’t like those “classes” is better have fun and learn than fill head.